Dr Mark Solms


Ph.D. (WITS)

Background and research interests

  • Brain mechanisms of dreaming, emotion, motivation.
  • Psychological mechanisms of confabulation and anosognosia syndromes.

Teaching responsibilities

Neuropsychology – Research and Clinical.


Selected Publications

Solms, M (2013) The conscious id.  Neuropsychoanalysis15.

Panksepp, J. & Solms, M. (2012) What is neuropsychoanalysis? Clinically relevant studies of the minded brain. Trends in Cognitive Science, 16,  6-8.

Solms, M. (2011) Neurobiology and the neurological basis of dreaming. In P. Montagna & S. Chokroverty (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology 98 (3rd series), Sleep Disorders – Part 1 (pp. 519-544). New York: Elsevier.

Solms, M. & Panksepp, J. (2010) Why depression feels bad. In E. Perry, D. Collerton, F. LeBeau & H. Ashton (eds.), New Horizons in the Neuroscience of Consciousness (pp. 169-179).  Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Turnbull, O. & Solms, M. (2007) Awareness, desire, and false beliefs. Cortex, 43, 1083-1090 [Target paper, with 10 open peer commentaries]

Fotopoulou, A., Conway, M.A., & Solms, M. (2007) Confabulation: Motivated Reality Monitoring. Neuropsychologia45, 2180-2190.

Solms, M. (2006). “Freud” and Bullitt: A previously unknown manuscript by Freud. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association54, 1263-1298.

Gamwell, L. & Solms, M. (2006). From Neurology to Psychoanalysis: Sigmund Freud’s Drawings and Diagrams of the Mind. Binghampton: State University of New York.

Solms, M. & Turnbull, O. (2002). The Brain and the Inner World: An Introduction to the Neuroscience of Subjective Experience. London & New York: Other/Karnac.

Solms, M. (2001). The neurochemistry of dreaming: cholinergic and dopaminergic hypotheses. In Perry, E., Ashton, H. & Young, A. (eds.), The Neurochemistry of Consciousness. Advances in Consciousness Research series (pp. 123-131)PhiladelphiaJohn Benjamin’s Publishing Company.

Solms, M. (2000). Dreaming and REM sleep are controlled by different brain mechanisms. Behavioural and Brain Sciences23, 843-50 [Target paper with 39 peer commentaries].

Kaplan-Solms, K. & Solms, M.(2000). Clinical Studies in Neuro-Psychoanalysis: Introduction to a Depth Neuropsychology. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association Monograph Series, No 5. Madison CT: International Universities Press; London: Karnac Books.