Emeritus Professor Solomon (Solly) Benatar

MBChB, DSc (Med), FFA(SA), FRCP (Lond), FACP (Hon)

Emeritus Professor of Medicine and Senior Scholar, University of Cape Town
Visiting Scholar, Joint Center for Bioethics (JCB), University of Toronto 

Adjunct Professor Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto

Previous positions

Professor of Medicine University of Cape Town & Chief Physician GSH (1980-2007)
Professor & Head, Department of Medicine, UCT & Groote Schuur Hospital (1980-1999)
Founding Director, University of Cape Town Bioethics Centre (1992-2012)  
President International Association of Bioethics (2001-2003) 
Professor, Dalla Lana School of Public Health University of Toronto (2008-2012)


Global Health and Global Ethics

Benatar S, Brock G. (Editors) Cambridge University Press 2011 


Benatar S, Brock G. (Editors) Cambridge University Press 2021

Current teaching 

Module in Planetary Health Ethics MHSc. DLSPH University of Toronto
Various invited Seminars on Global Health and Global Health Ethics   

Research Interests

Selected papers:

Benatar S.R. Global disparities in health and human rights: a critical commentary. 
Amer J Public Health. 1998; 88: 295-300.

Benatar S R, Daar A, Singer P A. Global health ethics: the rationale for mutual caring. 
International Affairs. 2003; 79: 107-138.

Benatar S R. Moral imagination: the missing component in global health. 
Public Library of Science Medicine. 2005: 2 (12) e400.

Benatar S R.  Fox R C. Meeting threats to global health: A call for American leadership. 
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 2005; 48 (3) 344-61

Bensimon C A, Benatar S R. Developing sustainability: a new metaphor for progress. 
    Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. 2006: 27: (1) 59-79

Benatar S R. Ethics and tropical diseases: some global considerations. 
Manson's Textbook of Infectious Diseases. 21st Edition 2003, 22nd & Edition 2008

Benatar S R, Gill S, Bakker I. Making progress in global health: the need for a new paradigm.
International Affairs 2009. 85 (2) 347-371.

Benatar S R, Gill S, Bakker I C. Global health and the global economic crisis.  
American Journal of Public Health 2011. 101 (4) 646-653.

Benatar S R, Upshur R. Tuberculosis and Structural Poverty: What can be done?        
Carnegie 3 Conference University of Cape Town - http://www.carnegie3.org.za/conference-papers

Benatar S R. Global leadership, ethics & global health: The search for new paradigms. 
In: Global Crises & the Crisis of Global Health. Gill S (Ed) CUP 2011 pp127-143 

Benatar S R . Interview Hastings Center New York            

Benatar S. R.  Needs, Obligations and International Relations for Global Health in the 21st Century. In J. Coggon & S. Gola, (eds), 'Global Health and International Community,' London and New York: Bloomsbury 2013, p 63-80

Benatar SR. Global Justice & Health: Re-examining our values.  Bioethics. 2013: 27(6), 297-304.

Benatar S. Politics, Power, poverty and global health: systems and frames. International Journal of Health Policy & Management. October 2016; Vol 5(10), pp 599–604. doi:10.15171/ijhpm.2016.101    

Gill S, Benatar S R, Global Health Governance and Global Power: A Critical Commentary on The Lancet University of Oslo Commission Report. International Journal of Health Services. February 2016; Vol 46 (2), DOI: 10.1177/0020731416631734               

Benatar S, Upshur R, Gill S. Understanding the relationship between ethics, neoliberalism and power as a step towards improving the health of people and our planet. The Anthropocene Review 2018; 1–22. DOI: 10.1177/2053019618760934

Gill S R,. Benatar S R.: Reflections on the political economy of  planetary health. Review of International Political Economy, 2020. 27(1), 167-190 DOI:10.1080/09692290.2019.1607769


Selected papers:

Benatar S R. Singer P A. A new look at international research ethics.
Brit Med J. 2000: 321: 824-26. 

Benatar S R. Distributive justice and clinical trials in the third world. 
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2001: 22: 169-76.   

Benatar S R. Justice and medical research: a global perspective. 
Bioethics 2001: 15: 333-340

Benatar S R. Some reflections & recommendations on research ethics in developing countries. 
Social Science & Medicine 2002: 54 (7) 1131-41

Benatar S R. Towards progress in resolving dilemmas in international research ethics. 
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics. 2004; 32: (4) 574-582

Benatar S R, Vaughan C R.  Global & local forces shaping the research agenda & the 
governance of research ethics.
 South Africa Journal of Science. 2008: 104 439-442

Benatar S R, Singer P A. Responsibilities in international research: a new look revisited.
Journal of Medical Ethics. 2010; 36 (4) 194-197

Benatar S R, Daibes I, Tomsons S. Inter-Philosophies Dialogue: Creating a Paradigm for Global Health Ethics.  Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. September 2016; Vol 26 (3), 323-346


Selected papers:

Benatar S R. Public Health and Public Health Ethics. 
Acta Bioethica, 2003; 9: (2) 195-207 

Benatar S R. Facing ethical challenges in rolling-out antiretroviral treatment in resource 
poor settings
: Comment on ‘They call it patient selection in Khayelitsha.’ Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 2006: 15: 322-330 

Benatar S R, Upshur R. Dual loyalty of physicians in the military context and in civilian life.
American Journal of Public Health. 2008: 98 (12) 2181-2187

Nixon S, Benatar S. Critical public health ethics analysis of Canada’s international response to HIV
Global Public Health. 2011; 6 (7): 777-793

Benatar S R, Sanders D, Gill S. The global politics of health care reform. In: The Oxford Handbook of Global Health Politics. McKinnes C, Lee K, Youde J (Eds) Oxford. OUP. 2020. 445-468

Smith M J, Nixon S, Upshur R, Benatar S R, Thompson A K. Public Health Ethics. In: Public Health Law & Policy in Canada Bailey T M, Caulfield T, Ries N M (Eds) Lexis Nexis Butterworths, Canada. 4th Edition. 2019


Selected papers:

Benatar  S.R. Medicine and Health Care in South Africa.  
New Engl J Med. 1996: 315: 527-532.

Benatar S.R.  Medicine and health care in South Africa: 5 years later. Special Article.  
New Engl J Med. 1991: 325: 30-36.

Benatar S.R.  Health care reform in the new South Africa. 
N Engl J Med.1997:  336: 891-95.

Benatar S R.  Health care reform and the crisis of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. 
New Engl J Med; 2004: 351: 81-92.

Benatar S R. South Africa’s transition in a globalising world: HIV/AIDS as a window and a mirror.
International Affairs. 2001: 77: (2) 347-375

Benatar  S R. Ethical challenges for health care in South Africa. 
In: Health Care in S Africa. HCJ Van Rensburg (Ed). 2nd Ed. Van Schaik, 2012: Pp 653-700 

Benatar S R. The challenge of health disparities in South Africa. 
South African Medical Journal 2013: 103; (3) 154-155.

Kevany S. Benatar S, Fleischer T. Improving resource allocation decisions for health & HIV
programmes in S Africa
: Bioethical, cost-effectiveness & health diplomacy considerations. 
Global Public Health, 2013; 8 (5): 570-87.

Mayosi BM, Benatar S R. Health and health care in South Africa: 20 years after Mandela. New England Journal of Medicine. October 2014: 371(14), pp 1344-1353


Daneman D, Benatar S R. Dynamic tensions in Education Pedagogy for Undergraduate Medical Education. Academic Medicine. 2019, 94 (12) 1873-77.

Benatar S R, Daneman D. Disconnections between undergraduate medical education and medical practice: A neglected dilemma. Global Public Health. 2020.


Selected papers:

Benatar S.R.  A perspective from Africa on human rights and genetic engineering. 
Oxford Amnesty Lectures. The genetic revolution & human rights. J Burley (ed) OUP. Oxford. 1999: 159-189.

Benatar S R. (2002) Human Rights in the Biotechnology Era. 
BioMed Central 

Benatar S R. Achieving Gold Standards in Ethics and Human Rights in Medical Practice.
Public Library of Science Medicine 2005: 2 (8):1-2. 

Benatar S R, Doyal L. Human Rights Abuses: Balancing two perspectives.
International Journal of Health Services. 2009: 39 (1) 139-159.      

Benatar S R. Annual Human Rights Lecture University of Alberta. Global Health & Human Rights: Working with the 20th century legacy.